Self-Publishing Basics: The Copyright Page

by Joel Friedlander on October 28, 2009 · 252 comments

Post image for Self-Publishing Basics: The Copyright Page

In an earlier post on how to make a book, I explained the role of the copyright page:

Copyright page—Usually the verso of the title page, this page carries the copyright notice, edition information, publication information, printing history, cataloging data, legal notices, and the books ISBN or identification number. In addition, rows of numbers are sometimes printed at the bottom of the page to indicate the year and number of the printing. Credits for design, production, editing and illustration are also commonly listed on the copyright page.

Now I’d like to look at the all-important copyright page in a little more detail. This page and its contents are the way your book is represented to librarians, bibliographers, other publishers, quantity sales buyers, writers wishing to use quotations from your book, and production planners of future editions.

What Has to be on Your Copyright Page No Matter What

The single most important element on the copyright page is, no surprise, the copyright notice itself. It usually consists of three elements:

  1. the © symbol, or the word “Copyright” or abbreviation “Copr.”
  2. the year of first publication of the work; and
  3. an identification of the owner of the copyright—by name, abbreviation, or some other way that it’s generally known.

Together, it should look like this:

© 2009 Joel Friedlander

At one time you actually had to print the copyright notice in an acceptable form to receive copyright protection in the U.S. but this is no longer the case.

Because the © symbol isn’t available on typewriters or computer terminals with only lower-ASCII character sets, the copyright symbol is often approximated with the characters (c). Unfortunately, this form of notice may not stand up in court.

What Else You’ll Find on the Copyright Page

Many of these items may not be applicable to your book, but this is where the publisher has to fit all the legal notices and other information for use by the book trade. Keep in mind that a reservation of rights is vital, and the publisher’s contact information is practical and appropriate. So here’s the rundown of other elements on the copyright page:

  • Your reservation of rights, where you outline what rights you reserve and which you allow. Usually a nod is made to fair use, which can hardly be prevented in any event. Because further permissions will involve the publisher’s approval, you will also find here…
  • The publisher’s editorial address. Larger publishers will likely include…
  • Ordering information including quantity sales, individual sales, college texbooks or course adoption requests and orders by trade bookstores or wholesalers. In each case specific contact information may be included.
  • Any trademark notices the publisher may hold to names and logos of the publishing company or its imprint,
  • A statement regarding the environmental friendliness of the products and processes used to produce the book, like a notice that it is printed on recycled paper or with non-toxic soy inks.
  • Cataloging-in-Publication Data, either from the Library of Congress for participating publishers, or from another source such as Quality Books, a distributor who will provide this data block for a fee. This is primarily of interest to library sales.
  • An edition of the book. For instance, a second edition might or might not be noted on the title page, but will certainly be indicated on the copyright page.
  • Printings and years indicators. These are the odd strings of “funny numbers” often seen near the bottom of the copyright page. Typically at the left margin will be years, and on the right a series of numbers to indicate printings. Next year, if a new printing is needed, the plates for the book do not need to be remade. The pressman simply erases one digit off each series of numbers, effectively updating the notice. This is for the use of the publisher’s production department, and is likely to become an artifact as digital printing takes a larger share of the publishing pie.
  • Lastly, some enlightened publishers use the copyright page to credit the contributors to the book including designers, production managers, proofreaders, indexers, and editors.

Think of the copyright page as the place where the publisher tries to get all its work done, take care of legal and bibliographic necessities, before getting out of the way of the author.

When you come to creating your own copyright page, pick the elements that seem most suitable to your book. Keep the whole thing as unobtrusive as possible and you can’t go wrong.

copyright for self-publishersWant to know more about copyright? Need some sample copyright pages to drop into your book? Confused about the things you read online about copyright? Check out this 30-page easy-to-read guide. Click The Self-Publisher’s Quick & Easy Guide to Copyright for more info, or Buy Now as PDF or Kindle.

Be Sociable, Share!

    { 224 comments… read them below or add one }

    Peter October 1, 2015 at 9:01 am

    Hi Joel,

    If someone wanted to collect and publish the questions and answers they have written on a website such as Quora and publish them in an e-book or in print, what are the copyright or trademark issues which need to be addressed?

    The example is someone who might have written 100 answers to different questions about the Lord of the Rings. Can the book be marketed with the Lord of the Rings in the title without permission, with a disclaimer that the publication is not specifically part of the Hunger Games canon, with a title such as, “99 Questions & Answers to the Lord of the Rings, as Posted on Quora”?


    harvey August 25, 2015 at 8:39 am

    Joel: We’re publishing a textbook–our first publishing venture. I purchased the ISBN and barcode. But I’m unclear about how and when I should register our book with the copyright office.

    I understand the “(c) date copyright-holder” format. But should I get a copyright number or date or something??? A little confused here.

    We go to press in about 2 weeks.

    Thanks for any help you can offer.


    Joel Friedlander August 25, 2015 at 12:18 pm

    harvey, just print the copyright notice in the book. After it’s published, fill out the copyright registration forms and send them with your book and check within 90 days of your publication date. You don’t need a number or a date.


    Lynn Ash August 18, 2015 at 9:14 am

    I am getting ready to type the verso for my new book, but I don’t know what font and font size to use. Can you help?


    Joel Friedlander August 18, 2015 at 12:08 pm

    Lynn, try using the same font you used for the body text of the book, one size smaller.


    Caroline August 17, 2015 at 9:56 am

    Do you know if it is legally required that the publisher notes a legal address on the verso page? I know that the name of the city in which the publisher resides is required on the title page, but is it legally required that a physical or PO Box be listed on the verso page? Or does a publisher’s URL suffice? Thank you in advance.


    Joel Friedlander August 17, 2015 at 1:51 pm

    There’s no legal requirement to show publisher contact info, but it’s one of the most important things on the copyright page. A website location is fine as long as you have a contact mechanism once they get there.


    Elizabeth July 30, 2015 at 9:30 pm

    I am planning to self publish under a pen name. This brings up the question of who to put as owner of the copyright. Will crediting to a pen name invalidate the copyright or do I need to create my own publishing title in order to preserve anonymity?



    Bren Murphy June 24, 2015 at 4:49 pm

    Hi Joel,
    Thanks for the advice and timely reminders – there are so many things to have in place before publishing. Your resources are very very useful.
    Bren Murphy


    Melinda May 18, 2015 at 8:11 am

    Question about the proper way to credit a chapter contributor to a history book. A friend wrote a short local history book and had someone contribute a short chapter to it. I’m helping self-publish this book. How do we correctly give credit to this person for their chapter? Right now the Chapter itself has a “WRITTEN BY SO & SO” line right before the first paragraph and the Acknowledgments page thanks him for his contribution and there is a reference to his contribution in the About the Author and Sponsors section (the book’s production was sponsored by a local organization so they are the sponsors). Does he also need to be listed on the cover somewhere? Or the copyright page?


    Sheogorath April 23, 2015 at 4:16 pm

    Not only do you not require permission to use the name Disneyland, you don’t even need to use (and uglify your text with) the trademark symbol. Google ‘nominative use trademark law’ to see what I mean.


    Smith April 23, 2015 at 2:46 pm

    I am writing a children’s e-book about a child’s visit to Disneyland® Resort‎. I have not gotten Disneyland’s permission to do this, but I will be selling the book online. I plan to honor their trademark by using “Disneyland®” in the work, and am wondering if this is legal, or do I need to worry about a potential lawsuit from them?‎ If they did sue, would the first step be a cease and desist order? If that is all, I would simply remove the book; otherwise, if they aren’t concerned about my little story, I will just leave it up.


    Leave a Comment

    { 28 trackbacks }